WORK VISA CANADA | WORK PERMIT FOR CANADA
To work and settle in a foreign nation is a dream for many people. That too, working in a country that proffers the highest quality of life, trillions of natural resources, home to petroleum reserves, and home to varied flora and fauna is a delight. Canada offers all these to its residents with utmost care and love. Canada encloses jaw-dropping beauty of hued lakes, icefields, waterfalls, and furthermore.
Canada possesses one of the world’s leading economies. Canada is a great destination for job seekers to work abroad. The Work Visa Canada allows business people, permanent residents, temporary workers, and students to work in Canada.
Immigrants who wish to work in Canada should have a work permit for Canada because only with this, the individual is eligible for a work permit Canada for a specific period. If an immigrant wants to apply for Canada work permits, first, they should have a job offer or employment from a Canadian employer.
Firstly immigrants should have a job offer in hand if they want to apply for a work visa Canada. We at Inch, with our end-to-end immigration services, will assist you in getting a Canadian job visa and apply for a Canada work permit from India. We will also guide you to apply for a work permit in Canada. Work visa Canada is an exceptional opportunity for foreign workers who wish to seek to make a better life.
Different types of Work Permit
There are two categories of work permit in Canada:
- Openwork permit
- Employer Specific Work permit
1. Open Work Permit
This work permit allows the immigrant to work for any employer. The employee can work for any employer in Canada except for companies; that do not comply with labour requirements.
2. Employer Specific Work Permit
As the name suggests, an employer-specific work permit allows the employee to work for any specific employer. This work permit visa in Canada does comply with the company’s rules and regulations. Through this work permit, the employer is allowed to work only; for a specific employer.
Labour Market Impact Assessment is a document issued by the ESDC (Employment Social Development Canada) assessing the impact of hiring a foreign worker. To hire a foreign national, the Employment and Social Development of Canada (ESDC) issues a document for the employer to hire a foreign national. This approval will be sanctioned by LMIA only when that position cannot be filled in by Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada.
To obtain this LMIA, the Canadian employer must demonstrate that they could not fill in the job vacancy, so they wish to recruit a foreign national. They should post in the media about the job vacancy for 90 days. If still the position is not filled by a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, then the employer can recruit a foreign national. They can recruit foreign nationals only with this LMIA approval.
There are two types of LMIA:
- Positive LMIA
- Negative LMIA
If no Canadian citizen or permanent resident fill in the job position. Then the Canadian employer can hire a foreign national; it gets approval to hire, then it is positive LMIA.
If a Canadian employer wishes to fill in a job position with a foreign national; yet, if he is allowed only to hire a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, then; it is negative LMIA.
Categories of LMIA
Certain streams require LMIA work permit:
- Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)
- LMIA Work Permit
- Facilitated LMIA
- Global Talent Stream
TFWP – TEMPORARY FOREIGN WORKER PROGRAM
TFWP allows Canadian employers to hire foreign nationals with a Canada visa to work temporarily in Canada. This is to fill in the shortages in Canada’s labour force. This Canada work permits is collaborated with IRCC (Immigration Refugees Citizenship Canada) and ESDC (Employment Social Development Canada). Canadian employers can recruit foreign nationals through the following streams :
- High wage workers
- Low wage workers
- Global Talent Stream
- Foreign Agricultural workers
- In-home caregivers.
- Foreign academics
The main characteristics of TFWP are LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment ) approval from the Canadian government if it wants to recruit a foreign national. After getting the LMIA approval, the employer can hire foreign nationals, enabling them to apply for a Canada work permit visa or permanent residence.
GLOBAL TALENT STREAM
Global Talent Stream is a two year Pilot program. It is launched in partnership with Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and Employment & Social Development Canada (ESDC). This stream helps Canadian employers to hire highly skilled foreign nationals. It is the fastest immigration pathway for immigrants who wish to start a new life in Canada.
HIGH WAGE WORKERS
Canadian employers can hire a foreign national, who; will be paid above the median hourly wage of their province or territory. If so, then the employer must recruit them through this stream of TFWP. The first step of this process is to apply for LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment).
LOW WAGE WORKERS
Canadian employers can hire a foreign national, who; will be paid less than the median hourly wage of their province or territory. If so, the employer should recruit them through this stream of TFWP. The prime step of this process is to apply for LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment).
FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS
The employers who wish to hire temporary foreign workers to still in some specific positions related to agriculture should apply through this stream to hire a foreign national.
This stream is especially for families who wish to hire foreign nationals to take care of children, seniors, or individuals with medical needs who may be able to do so through this in-home caregivers program under TFWP. Through this, the family members can hire temporary foreign workers through Canada work permits. They can recruit them either as caregivers for children or as caregivers for persons with high medical needs.
Foreign Academics is a post-secondary institution that can increase Canada’s quality of education as well as enables Canadian institutions to be globally competitive in terms of academic research. This stream is facilitated in collaboration with IRCC (Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada) and ESDC (Employment and Social Development Canada).
Through LMIA exemption, the Canadian employer gets an opportunity to waive off the LMIA certificate to hire foreign nationals to work for his company. Through this stream the Canadian employer does not require LMIA. Yet, there are some exemptions for him to recruit foreign nationals. LMIA exemption has various categories in it:
- Intra Company Transfer (ICT)
- AIPP – Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
- RNIP – Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program
- YCPP – Yukon Community Pilot Program
ICT – INTRA COMPANY TRANSFER
If an immigrant is working in a company that has a parent company, or branch or affiliate in Canada, the immigrant can apply for a Canada work permit visa through Intra Company Transfer. Through this, the employer can bring foreign nationals to Canada. Intra Company Transfers is exempt from LMIA requirements. The process of the application is quite simple, easier and cost-effective.
AIPP – ATLANTIC INTERNATIONAL PILOT PROGRAM
It is the fastest immigration program that allows employers in four provinces:
- Nova Scotia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Prince Edward Island
This program is to welcome foreign nationals to the Atlantic region of Canada to fill in the local needs and employers and communities. This program also supports population growth developing a skilled workforce. It also increases the employment rates in the region. This program focuses mainly on :
- Skilled workforce and immigration
- Economic growth
- Trade and investment
Immigrants who arrive in Canada through this program must have a job offer and Canada visa for work permit from a designated employer and an individualized settlement plan for themselves and their families.
RURAL AND NORTHERN IMMIGRATION PILOT PROGRAM
RNIP is a community-driven program. The program came into existence to spread the benefits of economic immigration to the smaller communities by creating a path for permanent residency to skilled foreign nationals who wish to settle, work or live in Canada. This program is designed to attract skilled foreign nationals to the smaller communities by offering worker visa Canada that can fill in the labour shortages in that particular province.
YUKON COMMUNITY PILOT PROGRAM
Yukon Community Pilot Program is a new stream of the Yukon Nominee Program. This pilot program is launched by Canada’s Northern Territory of the Yukon. The goal is to attract and retain the immigrants in the Yukon communities by testing innovative approaches to permanent immigration. This pilot program came into existence to address the labour market needs of Yukon. This is aimed to fill in the gaps in Yukon job markets and also recruit top-tier talented foreign nationals to this northern territory. Through this program, the immigrants can work in multiple employers in a specified community.
PGWP – Post Graduate Work Permit
If an international student has completed their studies in Canada, they can work there for a certain period of time depending on their educational program. Their duration of the student work permit Canada depends on their timescale of the study program.
- If the student has chosen an educational program for less than 8 months, they are not eligible for PGWP.
- If their educational program duration is more than 8 months but less than 2 years, then their PGWP is valid as the same length as their study program. [eg: if they have taken a 1 year educational program, then they will have to 1 year PGWP]
- If their educational program is more than 2 years; then, their PGWP is valid for 3 years.
BOWP – Bridging Open Work Permit
Bridging open work permit is also known as a bridging visa for immigrants. Through this, the immigrant can keep on working in Canada, while their application is still in process. This helps the immigrants to explore the labour market. Furthermore, this Canada work permit visa is also valid for a period of six months or for a longer period. This prevents the immigrants from facing unnecessary disruptions while they already have good terms with the Country.
Temporary Resident Visa and Open Work Permit
If you are a permanent resident or Canadian citizen, you can sponsor your spouse or common-law partner to come, live and work in Canada. The Canadian government offers TRV and open work permit for your spouse or common-law partner to work in Canada. Through this spouse work permit Canada, they can work in Canada temporarily until they get their Permanent residence.